A Companion to Continental Philosophy (Blackwell Companions by Simon Critchley, William R. Schroeder

By Simon Critchley, William R. Schroeder

With fifty eight unique essays through significant specialists, this spouse quantity offers the 1st survey of the entire significant figures of nineteenth- and 20th-century Continental philosophy. each one essay explains and develops the major rules of a valuable determine or stream as they relate to such components as artwork thought, cultural reports, social and political idea, psychology, and the sciences. middle subject part headings contain: "The Kantian Legacy" (Kant to Hegel). "Overturning the Tradition" (Marx to Bergson). "The Phenomenological Breakthrough" (neo-Kantianism to Heidegger). "Phenomenology, Hegelianism and anti-Hegelianism in France" (Kojève to Blanchot). "Religion with out Limits of Reason" (Rosenzweig to Marcel). "Three Generations of serious Theory"(Benjamin onwards). "Hermeneutics" (Schleiermacher to Ricoeur). "Continental Political Philosophy" (Lukás to Castoriadis). "Structuralism and After" (Lévi-Strauss to Le Doeuff). Key individuals comprise Beiser, Pippin, Caputo, Flynn, McCarthy, Laclau, Patton, and Bennington, between others. masking the full improvement of post-Kantian Continental philosophy, this quantity serves as a necessary reference paintings for philosophers and people engaged within the many disciplines which are integrally concerning Continental and ecu Philosophy.

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Extra resources for A Companion to Continental Philosophy (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

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It was necessary to find some higher faculty of mind, of which they were only appearances. The first philosopher to see and confront these challenges was K. L. Reinhold, Kant's early publicist. Although he was once an enthusiastic disciple of Kant, Reinhold became increasingly worried about the foundation of the critical philosophy, even before the advent of Maimon's scepticism. The critical philosophy lacked a selfevident first principle, and it required more system and unity. Yet Kant himself had insisted that a science is a system organized around and derived from a single principle!

Hence, either we know ourselves or nothing, so that we are trapped inside the circle of our own consciousness. Of course, Kant does believe in the existence of the thing-in-itself, which is supposed to be the cause of our experience. But, Jacobi further argued, if Kant were only consistent, then he would have to admit that he knows nothing about its existence either. For if the categories are applicable only within experience as Kant says ad nauseum and if existence and causality are only categories, then how do we know that the thing-initself exists and is the cause of experience?

They made three chief criticisms of Kant. 1 The categorical imperative is not an adequate criterion of moral or political value because it amounts to nothing more than the demand of universalizability; but all maxims, even evil ones, can be universalized. 2 Even if the categorical imperative could determine the general principles of the state, these are so general that they are compatible with all kinds of specific laws and institutions. ). To determine which specific laws and institutions are best, it is always necessary to consult experience.

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