A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG by Paul Bennett

By Paul Bennett

The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is a tremendous syntactic thought which has been followed by way of the computational linguistics international. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic thought and covers all of the major constructs of the grammar.

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11) [X, 0] Y So the rules in (10) can be rewritten as ID-rules: < previous page page_27 next page > < previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 (12) a. V1 V0, (N2), (P2) b. N1 N0, (P2) c. P2 P0, N2 d. A2 A0, (P2) Including an LP statement (12e), we can use (11) and (12) to derive the effect of (10), but now capturing a generalization, which is always better than stating lots of individual cases. (12) e. N2 P2 The LP-statement (11) is respected by the trees in (9). It seems only fair, however, to mention a possible counter-example.

14) Do you take sugar? Most commonly, however, INFL is realized as part of the verb’s inflectional morphology rather than as a separate element (INFL and the verb are then somehow merged by a transformation). No such analysis is available in GPSG, which does not permit this kind of abstractness. Jackendoff (1977) argued that S was the maximal projection of V, and hence was V3 (with VP as V2 and VG as V1); cf. Emonds (1985), who sees V as the only category allowing for projection to a [BAR 3] level, so S is V3 and VP is V2.

33) a. V1 V0[2], NP b. eat: V0[2] Since SUBCAT is (besides BAR and PER) the only attribute with integers as values, V0[2] is an unambiguous abbreviation for V0[SUBCAT 2] (or, if you insist, for {[+V], [−N], [BAR 0], [SUBCAT 2]}). It must of course be acknowledged that this system is hardly mnemonic. g. g. [SUBCAT NP-PP] for put). We give here a few more straightforward examples: (34) a. V1 V0[1] b. V1 V0[5], NP, NP c. V1 V0[6], NP, PP (35) a. die: V0[1] b. spare: V0[5] c. put: V0[6] < previous page page_45 next page > < previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 One shortcoming of the GPSG approach may already have been noted, viz.

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