By 牧野成一, 1935- Seiichi Makino Michio Tsutsui. 筒井廸夫, ; Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui
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Additional info for A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar = 日本語基本文法辞典 / A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar = Nihongo kihon bunpō jiten
That is, while the latter make use only of information explicitly present in the string at the point in the derivation in which the phonological rules apply, the former have access, according to Halle, to diiferent stages in a derivation, in particular, to (i) the Dictionary and (ii) the output of the phonological component. Consider first the case in which WFR's have access to the Dictionary. WFR's define, in part, the content of the Dictionary; however, Lexicalist 29 morphology WFR's of the type in 14(ii) must have access to the content of the Dictionary as well, in order to operate.
As has been mentioned, furthermore, the burden of expressing relations within the Standard Theory fell on the transformational (and phonological) rules, the obvious, though forced, result was that forms such as criticize and criticism were related by the transformational component. The specific reason was that by using transformations, it was possible to express generalizations about selectional restrictions of verbs and the corresponding nominate. For example, the verb refuse requires an animate subject, a restriction that also holds for the derived nominal, refusal (cf.
A) Syntactic productivity. While almost all sentences can have a corresponding gerundive nominal, this not the case for derived nominals, as illustrated below: (1) (i) sentences (ii) gerundive nominals (iii) derived nominals It is easy to please John. John amused the children with his stories. It seems that John is gone. its being easy to please John John's amusing the children with his stories its seeming that John is gone *the easiness to please John ""John's amusement of the children with his stories *its seem that John is gone It is also the case, furthermore, that many derived nominals do not correspond to well formed sentences, or to sentences with corresponding gerundive nominals, as can be seen in (2): (2) (i) sentences *John doubted about their proposal.