A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved by Thomas Rowland

By Thomas Rowland

Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language in accordance with the main licensed structures: With Copious Examples From one of the most right Welsh Writers

This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, benefits nice compliment, as being the 1st general try to clarify the foundations of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in showing correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot aid used to be additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.

All will permit Welsh Grammar, enhanced to any of these which have been hitherto released, is particularly a lot wanted; yet even if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, has to be made up our minds by way of the reader. it is going to be noticeable, there's no doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this construction, and that its shortcomings are a number of. even if, may still a moment version be referred to as for, it's was hoping that those deficiencies should be amended, blunders rectified, and lots of observations extra that have now been passed over, owing in part to wish of time, and in part to wish of data. And with this view it might be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics could, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and comments, in order that i'll be enabled to ship forth a moment variation extra systematic, extra excellent, and extra complete.

It is my accountability to country that i'm below very nice responsibilities to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and instruct of Jesus collage, Oxford, for the type suggestions he has rendered me, either in taking a look over the paintings prior to it was once despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing during the press. have been it no longer for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus collage, it really is uncertain no matter if the ebook might ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, without doubt, will sign up for me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.

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Extra resources for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers

Example text

Cyfeddach, carousal. secret. Dewin, ; when it denotes tvizard. Cribin, rake. sometimes masculine, and sometimes fenil it is ; j^f^^'S^n is Cyfrinach, (or awg) is When (Celain Cy feiUach, fiiendship. , Brenin, king. Fern. Melin, mill. Og as Buach, clown. , it is feminine. nine. ; ; 144. Ach, in, and eg. Ach, when it denotes a masculine; in other circumstances it h feminine. (a) eg ; ; The following ff olcen ; : es fa ig (diminutive). ) a diminutive suffix, it is dlsv -ays, feminine. Swyddog, officer.

L^ròu, a Ffòn, a breast. Torch, a chain. Ffòrch, a fork. staff. 140. /3. Compound nouns, formed regularly, have their gender assigned to them in accordance Avith the gender of the last of their component parts. Elnsendy (elusen-ty), almshouse, mas. Arfdy (arf-ty), armotiry, mas. Ceuffordd (cau-ffordd), tunnel, fem. a,-i, fem. i^'^' , , ( ^""^ ^^ «• ''''"*'^' "^•^^• ' 1 i c ^"^'^'^' '"«^^' ^^"^- ) ;; ; , ETYMOLOGY. 37 But when cnmpoumls are formed contrary to the rule (§ 77, b), th;it is, when tlie adjective or the genitive is ]ilaced last, the gender of the compound word depends on that of the firgt of its component parts.

Efe and Crc- awdwr, dysgawdicr, &c. 51. The personal pronouns riiyfi, tydi, efo, hyhi, mjni, chwychici, hiuynt-htcy, (I, thou, he, she, we, you, they,) are accented on the last syllable. Älyfi' ; tydi' ; efe' ; efo' ; hyhi', &c. (ffl) Myfi, tydi, nyni, chwychioi, have, in some districts of North "Wales, the accent laid on the proper syllable ; that is, on the penult. ) Such compound prepositions as goruivcJi, above, below, uivchlaw, above, gerllaiv, near, gerbron, before, heblaw, beside, islaiv, below, are accented on the last syl52.

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