By T. Schneider
A great number of national learn programmes within the box of acidification were performed within the final decade. in particular in Western Europe, vast programmes have ended in a superb evaluation of the entire results - usually destructive - attributable to acidifying ingredients. there's now consensus that sorts of acidification harm relate to the original geography of a space: pollution impacts plants; acid aerosol the ozone layer. New during this quantity, is the relation among medical result of built-in learn programmes and coverage activities to avoid, lessen and restrict the frequent harm brought on by acidification. the result of many alternative nationwide examine programmes are evaluated and in comparison to current a different compilation for the examine scientist and coverage maker. during this quantity thematic studies on particular subject matters of acidification examine are awarded, through overviews of acidification coverage plans and real abatement plans. the result's the simplest overview of acidification learn performed around the globe over the past decade and presentation of the serious relation among learn effects and coverage activities.
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Extra resources for Acidification Research: Evaluation and Policy Applications: Proceedings of an International Conference, Maastricht, the Netherlands, 14-18 October
When carrying out t h e measures however sometimes further and more detailed study appears to be necessary and shall be carried out. Emission reducing measures have already been agreed upon with the power production board. 1 kton/y and of 99 % for SO2 in 2000. The remaining emission of SO2 by power plants will be 250 kton/y. An additional stimulation program for energy saving will be formulated in 1992. For the industrial sources a program for revision of permits will b e carried out. Furthermore there is a program for stimulating the development and use of new abatement techniques in industry and agriculture.
Forstwes. 141 (3); 163-188, (1990). : Dutch Priority Programme on Acidification: Thematic Reports. National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Bilthoven, The Netherlands (1990). : Forest Decline and Air Pollution: A Study of Spruce (Picea abies) on Acid Soils. Ecological Studies, Vol. 77, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (1989). : Processes Leading to Forest Decline: A Synthesis. ; Oren R. ): Ecological Studies, Vol. 77, 459-467, Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg (1989).
The estimates of defoliation alone provide only a little information about the severity of the damage. - Average estimates of defoliation for countries provide no information on the different$ypes of forest decline in Europe. 35 - In view of the difficulty of applying a standard assessment of defoliation across a wide range of growth habits (Ashmore, Bell, Brown, 1990), comparisons of the health of individual species must be made with extreme caution. - The observed trends in defoliation are difficult to interpret because we know little about the evolution of defoliation over the last 50 years.