Agricultural Biotechnology by G J Persley, M. M. Lantin

By G J Persley, M. M. Lantin

Following on from past titles during this sequence, this quantity provides extra fabric generated through the realm Bank/ISNAR/Australian executive biotechnology study.It covers the current prestige and destiny clients for the applying of biotechnology to resolve agricultural and environmental difficulties in a couple of constructing nations. specific concentration is given directly to advancements that experience taken position during the last decade.

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Work is now concentrated on chickpea, rice and cotton, where there is some private-sector investment. Field evaluation of LMOs is hampered by lack of biosafety regulations. The government controls field testing, multiplication, distribution and biosafety issues. The country lacks policy and regulations regarding IPR and patents involving biotechnology (see Zafar, this volume). The Philippines began their biotechnology programmes in 1980 with the creation of the National Institutes of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, with a focus on agricultural biotechnology.

In Brazil, many lines of R & D are benefiting from the application of biotechnology tools such as marker-assisted plant and animal breeding, genomic mapping of several species including sugar cane, embryo transfer applied to different animal species, genetic resources characterization and conservation, and use of genetic improvement to introduce new traits, such as papaya resistant to papaya ringspot virus and beans resistant to golden mosaic virus. The issues of field testing of genetically improved plants need to be addressed.

The entire process has been accelerated by the Human Genome Project, which has invested substantial public and private resources into the development of new technologies to work with human genes. The same technologies are directly applicable to all other organisms, including plants and animals. The first complete sequence of a plant genome – the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana – is now completed (Arabidopsis Genome Initiative, 2000). J. Persley completion. The new scientific discipline of genomics has arisen, which has contributed to powerful new approaches to identify the structure and functions of genes and their applications in human health, agriculture and the environment.

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