An Introduction to the Grammar of English: Syntactic by Elly van Gelderen

By Elly van Gelderen

This advent presents a full of life and obviously written textbook. It introduces easy suggestions of grammar in a layout which encourages the reader to take advantage of linguistic arguments. the fashion of the e-book is enticing and examples from poetry, jokes, and puns illustrate grammatical concepts.The concentration is on syntactic research and facts. notwithstanding, exact subject sections give a contribution sociolinguistic and old purposes at the back of prescriptive ideas reminiscent of the bans on cut up infinitives, dangling participles, and preposition stranding.The publication is established for a semester-long path. It presents workouts, keys to these workouts, and pattern checks. it's also a accomplished thesaurus and recommendations for extra interpreting.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Grammar of English: Syntactic Arguments and Socio-historical Backgrounds

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Categories When adverbs modify adjectives or other adverbs, they are typically degree adverbs (very, so, too). These degree adverbs have very little meaning and it is hard to find synonyms or antonyms. It therefore makes more sense to consider this subgroup of adverbs grammatical categories. Some instances of the ‘correct’ use of the adjective nice are given in (13) and (14) and of the adverbs very and quickly in (15) and (16): 13. 14. 15. 16. The book is nice. A nice book is on the table. This Hopi bowl is very precious.

14. 15. 16. The book is nice. A nice book is on the table. This Hopi bowl is very precious. He drove very quickly. In (13) and (14), nice modifies the noun book. In (15), very modifies the adjective precious; and in (16), it modifies the adverb quickly, which in its turn modifies the verb drove. (We will come back to some of the issues related to the precise nature of the modification in Chapters 3, 4, and 9). In the ‘special topic’ section at the end of this chapter, it will be shown that speakers often violate rule (12), but that these so-called violations are rule-governed as well.

Phrases PP is part of the NP. The straightforward interpretation is that the speaker shot an elephant while the speaker was wearing pajamas, represented by (18b). There is a third (again funny) interpretation I will not go into here: VP 18 a. V NP D N′ N PP P shot an elephant in NP my pajamas VP b. V′ V shot PP P NP D N an elephant in NP my pajamas Notice that I am being ‘sloppy’ with my pajamas. I represent that phrase by means of a ‘coathanger’, and am not indicating that the NP can be divided into a D and an N.

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