Arabic: an essential grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

"Arabic: a vital Grammar is an up to date and useful reference advisor to an important points of the language. compatible for rookies, in addition to intermediate scholars, this e-book bargains a robust starting place for studying the elemental grammar constructions of Arabic. The complexities of the language are set out in brief, readable sections and workouts and examples are supplied throughout."--BOOK JACKET. 1. The Arabic Script, Transliteration, Alphabet 2. Pronunciation of Consonants three. Punctuation, Handwriting four. Vowels five. Saddah, Noun situations, Nunation because the Indefinite shape 6. lengthy Vowels 7. Hamzah, the Maddah signal eight. certain Articles nine. solar and Moon Letters 10. Gender eleven. Conjunctions, Prepositions, the Particle 12. The Idafah building thirteen. quantity, twin, Plural 14. excellent annoying Verbs, Roots and Radicals 15. Separate own Pronouns, Suffix Pronouns sixteen. Demonstrative Pronouns 17. Imperfect annoying Verbs 18. Derived Verb kinds 19. Passive Verbs 20. ideas for Writing the Hamsah 21. damaged Plurals, Collective Nouns 22. Diptotes and Triptotes 23. Participles, Verbal Nouns 24. Interrogative debris and Pronouns, Vocative debris 25. Adjectival styles 26. Inna and its Sisters, Kana and its Sisters 27. Relative Pronouns, Relative Clauses 28. Moods 29. Doubled Verbs 30. Verbs with Hamzah 31. Verbs with the susceptible preliminary Radical 32. Verbs with the susceptible center Radical 33. Verbs with the vulnerable ultimate Radical 34. Cardinal Numbers 35. Ordinal Numbers 36. Exceptions 37. Verbs of ask yourself 38. Adverbs and Adverbials 38. Adverbs and Adverbials 39. Conditional Sentences

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A pupil 1threw (away) 3a broken 2pen. ‫ﺟِﺪﻳـٌﺪ‬ َ 36 2 ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﻃﺎِﻟ‬ َ ‫َأَﺗﻰ‬ 1 (24) ata¯ ta¯ libun g˘ adı-dun. ˙ 2 A new student 1has come. ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﺻـْﻌـ‬ َ 2 ‫ﻫَﺬا َأْﻣـٌﺮ‬ ‫ا‬ 1 Definite article, nominal and verbal sentences, adjectives (25) ha¯ da¯ amrun sa bun. ¯ ˙ This (is) 2a difficult 1matter. ‫ﻌﻴٌﺪ‬ ِ ‫ﻄﺎُر َﺑ‬ َ ‫َأْﻟـَﻤ‬ 1 (26) al-mata¯ ru ba -ıdun. ˙ 1 The airport (is) far away. ‫ع‬ ٌ ‫ح ﻟـِﻜْﻦ ﺬِﻟَﻚ َﻣْﻤُﻨﻮ‬ ٌ ‫ﺴُﻤﻮ‬ ْ ‫َﻣ‬ ‫ﻫَﺬا‬ ‫ا‬ (27) ha¯ da¯ masmu¯hun la¯ kin da¯ lika mamnu¯ un.

She (is) 1there. ‫ﻬﻮٌر‬ ُ ‫ﺸـ‬ ْ ‫َﻣ‬ 1 ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ُﻫَﻮ َﻛﺎِﺗـ‬ (6) huwa ka¯ tibun masˇhu¯run. He (is) 1a famous writer. ‫ﻤﺎْﻧَﻴﺎ‬ َ ‫ب ِﻓـﻲ َأْﻟـ‬ ُ ‫َأَْﻷَﻗﺎِر‬ (7) al- aqa¯ ribu f -ı alma¯ nya¯ . 1 1 The relatives (are) in Germany. ‫ﻃٌﺮ‬ ِ ‫ﺷﺎ‬ َ ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﻃِﺒﻴ‬ َ ‫ُﻫَﻮ‬ 2 1 (8) huwa tabı-bun sˇa¯ tirun. ˙ ˙ He (is) 2a skilful 1physician. ‫ﻦ‬ ٌ ‫َأِﻣﻴـ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُ ‫َأْﻟَﻜْﻠ‬ 1 (9) al-kalbu amı-nun. The dog (is) 1faithful. ‫ﺐ‬ َ 1 ‫َأَْﻷْﻛـُﻞ‬ (10) al- aklu tayyibun. ˙ The food (is) 1delicious, good. ‫ﻜـُﺮوٌه‬ ْ ‫َأْﻟـُﻤـِﺪﻳـُﺮ َﻣـ‬ (11) al-mudı-ru makru¯hun.

3 3 . ‫ﻤـﻴـَﻨـًﺔ‬ ِ ‫ﺳـ‬ َ 3 2 ‫ﺟـًﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺟـﺎ‬ َ ‫ب َد‬ ُ ‫ﺷَﺘَﺮى َْﻷ‬ ْ ‫ِإ‬ 2 1 (3) isˇtara¯ l- abu dag˘ a¯ g˘ atan samı-natan. The father 1bought 3a fat 2chicken. ‫ﻌـًﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺳـ‬ ِ ‫َوا‬ 48 4 ‫ﺖ َﻛْﻠَﺒٌﺔ ِﺑَﻨﺎَﻳًﺔ‬ ْ ‫ﺧَﻠـ‬ َ ‫َد‬ 3 2 1 (4) dahalat kalbatun bina¯ yatan wa¯ si atan. ) 1entered 4a big 3building. 1 ِ 4 3 2 1 . ‫ﻣًﺔ‬ َ ّ‫ﺣّﺒًَﺔ ُﻣَﻨﻮ‬ َ ‫ﺾ‬ َ ‫ﺿـُﺔ ْﻟـَﻤِﺮﻳـ‬ َ ‫ﺖ ْﻟـُﻤـَﻤـَّﺮ‬ ِ ‫ﻄ‬ َ ‫َأْﻋ‬ Gender (5) a tati l-mumarridatu l-marı-da habbatan munawwimatan. The˙ nurse 1gave 2˙the patient˙ 4a ˙sleeping 3pill.

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